The Geography of Colombia

The Geography of Colombia

Spanning a total area of 1,141,748 sq. km Colombia is defined by its topographical variations and its multi-faceted climatic regions which are both its greatest asset and most formidable impediment to growth and which reach the dizzying heights of 5,775m at the Pico Cristobal Colon on the Caribbean’s Sierra Nevada. Situated on the northwestern shoulder of South America, Colombia is divided as if adjacently through its territory by the Andes mountain range and enjoys almost 3.000km of coastline almost equally shared between its Caribbean and Pacific edges. (Continue reading).

The country’s lungs come in the form of departments such as Amazonas, Caquetá and Putumayo, recognized for their vast tropical jungles. In Colombia you can find deserts such as the Tatacoa in Huila and the Guajira, savannahs and grasslands in the Llanos of Meta and Arauca, tropical islands in the form of San Andrés, Providencia and Gorgona, highland plateaus in Cundinamarca and Boyacá and such anomalies as the department of Chocó, the wettest region on earth. Colombia is a country rich in mineral wealth producing oil, gas, coal, precious metals and the most famous emeralds in the world.


Colombia’s climate varies greatly from region to region. Chilier with piercing sunlight on high altitude plateaus to suffocating humid at times on the Caribbean coast all the while pleasantly uniform in the Eje Cafetero. In reality the temperatures in each respective region don’t fluctuate too much, the only change is in rainfall. There are technically two seasons, rainy season and dry season and these vary throughout the country. Plan and pack accordingly for your trip.

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